Scientific Program

Conference Series Ltd invites all the participants across the globe to attend 2nd International Conference on Aging & Gerontology - ICAG 2017

Hotel Venue - Hilton San Diego Mission Valley


Day 1 :

Keynote Forum

Elizabeth Rodriguez Kessler

University of Florida, USA

Keynote: Construction of elderly characters: Touch, intimacy and sexuality

Time : 09:30-10:15

OMICS International ICAG 2017 International Conference Keynote Speaker Elizabeth Rodriguez Kessler photo

Elizabeth Kessler has been graduated from University of Houston as a Doctor of Philosophy in English, with the concentrations including American Literature and Chicana Literature. Later she pursued her interest in the use of culinary material in literature and ageing in literature and film. She has taught at California State University, Northridge and University of Houston, Central Campus. Currently enrolled in an MS degree program in Gerontology at the University of Florida


Despite the belief that the elderly do not think about intimacy and sexuality, research shows that they not only think about sexual activities, they indulge in them. However, before we examine sexuality as such, we must investigate the importance of intimacy and the issue of touch for well-being and healthy aging. Each of the characters to be discussed in this presentation displays a need to love and be loved physically and emotionally. A view of healthy sexuality involves Baby Boomers who, in their 70s, still experience their sexual needs and most are unashamed to discuss them openly. While they were in their teens and early 20s, they led the sexual revolution, openly campaigning for “love not war,” leaving home to live in communes, and disdaining the older generations’ attitude toward love and sexuality. With this in mind, it is not surprising that the aging boomers are now leaders in the research field for ways to stay active and virile. Women, conversely, must deal with the effects of menopause, ageist attitudes, and coping with losing their husbands or partners and thus not always having easy access to healthy sexual activities.

Love, intimacy, and sexuality are factors that contribute to healthy aging and must be dealt with appropriately. Denial of the need for sex when the sex drive continues into one’s senior years can create depression, guilt, and frustration on the part of the elderly and can deprive them of a joy they can still experience despite their age. Fortunately for many, The Golden Girls brought sex and women’s, as well as men’s, desire to talk about, participate in, and enjoy the pleasures of sex. In The Golden Girls, older women, Blanch, Dorothy, Rose, and Sophia talk about their encounters and tackle other taboo topics. After the show left the air, sexuality became more popular on television, but it did not incorporate older actors as main characters. Thanks to The Golden Girls, Grace and Frankie aired three seasons ago, and they, too, have broken ground with radical discussion of the older male’s and female’s need for companionship, love, sexuality, intimacy, and personal gratification.

Thus, sex is not only for the young, and that is being conveyed in Grace and Frankie tastefully and humorously and seriously, taking into consideration other problems that can also interfere with having a physical relationship—dementia and the guilt it creates in the patient’s husband. While this is a step in the right direction, there are still other obstacles the elderly in today’s more permissive and sexually visible society must learn to avoid and prevent and adult children must learn to accept their parents’ and/or grandparents’ dynamic sexuality.

Keynote Forum

Diane Chau

University of California, USA

Keynote: Pain management in geriatric patients

Time : 10:15-11:00

OMICS International ICAG 2017 International Conference Keynote Speaker Diane Chau photo

Diane Chau, is a practicing Geriatrician in San Diego, CA. Dr. Chau graduated from Drexel College of Medicine in 1994 and has been in practice for 21 years. She com­pleted a fellowship in Geriatric Medicine at UCSD Medical Center. Dr. Chau also practices as the Medical Director of a Geriatrics focused Community Living Center at VA San Diego Health Care in San Diego, CA, and a Program of All Inclusive Care for the Elderly. She is an Associate Professor of Health Sciences Medicine at UCSD where she is the Project Director for the Geriatric Education Center Geriatric Workforce Enhancement Project.



  • Understand how to define and classify pain in older adults
  • List social and environmental factors affecting the perception of pain and its treatment common to older adults
  • Recognize the scales available to assess pain
  • List medical and non-medical treatments available for pain


  • Median successful aging increased
  • 65 years represents about 36 million; by 2020 54million
  • Fastest growing segment of the population is > 85 years
  • Currently 5 million, 20 million by 2050
  • 1900’s - 3 million elderly (1 in 25 Americans), by 2020, 54 million (1 in 6 Americans)
  • 2011 - first baby boomers reached 65

Mechanism of Pain Based on Pathophysiology:

  • Nociceptive pain: Results from stimulation of pain receptors.
  • Somatic: damage to body tissue, well localized
  • Visceral: from viscera, poorly localized, may have nausea
  • Neuropathic pain: Results from dysfunctions or lesions in either the central or peripheral nervous systems.
  • Mixed pain syndromes: multiple or unknown mechanisms (e.g. headaches, vasculitic syndromes).
  • Psychogenic Pain: somatoform disorders, conversion reactions.

Challenges of Pain Treatment in Geriatrics:

  • The healthy to hospice span.
  • A healthy retiree is no longer an individual who decreases their lifestyle activities.
  • The "baby-boomers" in their 60s and 70s are "baby boomers"; they have a functional active lifestyle.
  • The older old 80’s to 90’s are diverse. Functional ability, living situation, social support, restricted finances should  be considered.

  • Aging | Gerontology | Geriatrics | Aging Care Management
Location: South Park


Elizabeth Rodriguez Kessler

University of Florida, USA



Diane Chau

University of California, USA

Session Introduction

Jason Diederich

Aged Care Regional Assessment Services, Australia

Title: Worksop: Effective aged care assessment: Wellness, reablement and sector sustainability

Time : 11:30-12:30


Jason Diederich is the General Manager of Aged Care Regional Assessment Services at APM, Australia’s largest private provider of aged care assessments. Part of the Australian Government’s My Aged Care program, APM uses a wellness and reablement focus to identify the care needs of older Australians to allow them to remain at home for longer. His background in Occupational Therapy drives his holistic approach to the assessment process, underpinned by an understanding of the economic driv­ers of a sustainable aged care model. Based in Melbourne, Australia, he has managed a number of national assessment contracts on behalf of the Australian Government, as well as managing the operations of residential aged care and community care providers


In the last 2-3 years, Australia has embarked on a remarkable reform process for aged care services. The key goals are to achieve a consumer driven and market based national aged care system that is funded in a sustainable way based on need. This reform is essential to put choice and control into the hands of the aged care consumer, as well as ensuring that the limited government funds available are allocated to those who need it most. A key component of this reform process, known as My Aged Care, is the introduction of new levels of assessment. The previous high level clinical based assessments (known as ACAT) have been supplemented by entry level non-clinical assessments (known as RAS). Services are also delivered in a two-tiered system for lower level and higher level care needs. Over time the plan is to integrate the non-clinical (RAS) and clinical (ACAT) assessments, but it is unclear how this will look. Whilst the clinicians currently delivering the clinical ACAT assessments also have the skills to deliver non-clinical assessments, this is not a good use of this expensive and increasingly rare resource. The non-clinical RAS assessments meet the needs of many older people who are after basic support services such as cleaning or transport, but what happens when they encounter someone with more complex needs? This workshop will explore the Australian experience, and go in to more detail about the wellness and reablement approach used as part of the assessment itself. But, will also seek input and share information from participants about different models of aged care assessment from the USA and around the world.

Georgina Hicks & Thomas Pepper

Chelsea and Westminster NHS Foundation Trust, UK

Title: DNACPR: Can the GO-FAR score improve decision-making?

Time : 12:30-13:00


Georgina Hicks has undertaken her Post-graduate Medical degree at King’s College London. Following graduation, she has worked as Foundation Doctor in London, gaining broad experience in geriatric wards specializing in heart failure and stroke, as well as other specialties


Statement of the Problem: Do Not Attempt CPR (DNACPR) decisions are commonly made in UK hospitals. Recent legislation dictates that the decision be discussed with the patient or their relatives. Many patients and relatives have unrealistic expectations of CPR outcome and it is essential that this is addressed in such conversations. We undertook two investigations of the appropriateness of resuscitation decisions based on a validated tool for predicting neurologically intact survival after in-patient CPR (Good Outcome Following Attempted Resuscitation, GO-FAR score).

Methodology: All patient records from a geriatric ward were reviewed on a single day. Information was collected regarding patient age, comorbidities and DNACPR decisions, and a GO-FAR score calculated. The process was repeated on a second day two months after reporting our initial findings to clinical staff.

Findings: 48 patients with a mean age of 73 years (SD13) were included. Of the 25 patients in the initial study, 5/9 patients with a 9.4% likelihood of neurologically intact survival were DNACPR, 9/12 with a 1.7% likelihood were DNACPR, and 1/4 with a 0.9% likelihood was DNACPR. Of the 23 patients in the subsequent study, 1/9 patients with a 9.4% likelihood of neurologically intact survival was DNACPR, 3/11 with a 1.7% likelihood were DNACPR, and 2/3 with a 0.9% likelihood were DNACPR.

Conclusion & Significance: Following introduction of the GO-FAR score, a smaller proportion of patients with 9.4% and 1.7% likelihood of neurologically intact survival were made DNACPR (p=0.13 and 0.04 respectively), and a greater proportion of patients with 0.9% likelihood were made DNACPR (p=0.49). Introduction of the GO-FAR score influenced the practice of clinicians with varying significance. The score’s greatest utility may be in prompting consideration of resuscitation status for patients with <1% likelihood of neurologically intact survival, and facilitating an evidence-based discussion with the patient and their relatives.

Break: Lunch Break 13:00-14:00 @ Kensington

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Shailaja Moodithaya has her research interest in Physiology of Aging and Autonomic Neural activity. She developed interest in this field as a teacher of medical physiology, since 1990. She has worked on projects from agencies like Indian Council of Medical Research, Board of Research on Nuclear Science etc. Her works on health issues relating to autonomic dysfunctions are well published and presented in National and International Conferences.


Diabetes mellitus and ageing share common symptoms like stiffness and loss of functioning of tissues due to cross-liked proteins and free radicals. Glycated Haemoglobin (HbA1c) is often used as a stable cumulative index of glycemic control and has shown that even in non diabetic adults, there is a steady increase in HbA1c levels with age.

Aim of the study is to evaluate the strength of association of HbA1c with metabolic and cardiovascular ageing indices in subjects between the age group of 40 to 60 yrs. A total of 220 subjects, with (n=110) and without (n=110) diabetes were assessed for the metabolic and cardiovascular ageing biomarkers. BMI, waist hip ratio, fat percentage, Fasting blood sugar and HbA1c were assessed as metabolic ageing biomarkers. The cardiovascular ageing indices measured were resting heart rate, blood pressure and Heart rate Variability.

Ageing biomarkers were compared between subjects with and without diabetes using independent‘t’ test and showed that the T2DM group exhibit significant accelerated ageing as compared to that of the controls. Pearson’s and partial correlation coefficient was used to assess the association of Glycated Haemoglobin with the ageing biomarkers without and with controlling for chronological age, indicated that, strength of association of levels of HBA1c with cardiovascular and other metabolic biomarkers of ageing is statistically significant. Therefore, the study concludes that the tightness of glycemic control has a significant impact on the biological ageing process.


Élodie Vandenbergh is a Neuropsychologist. She is currently writing a thesis on the cognitive processes involved in prescription comprehension in older adults and patients with Parkinson’s disease. By adopting an experimental approach, she aims two objectives: to enrich existing models of procedural document’s processing by taking into account user’s characteristics and to identify the prescription designs that are the most adapted for different older adult cognitive profiles.


Statement of the Problem: Medication non-adherence in older adults is frequent. The fact that they don’t take drugs as prescribed is partly caused by age-related, prescription-related, and communication-related factors. If acting on age-related and prescription-related factors is not easy, in contrast, it is possible to modulate communication-related factors by adopting a patient-centered approach. For instance, some recent studies suggest that communicating prescriptions to elderly patients is facilitated when pictorial and table formats are used in comparison with classical ones. Surprisingly, most of the available data have been collected in studies using classical supports (paper or computers), but very few with tablets or touch-screen devices. Our main objective was to analyze experimentally the impact of two presentation formats (table vs. sheet) on older and young adult’s behavior while studying a medication prescription on a tablet, and when filling a pillbox afterwards. A facilitating effect of the table format was hypothesized.

Methodology & Results: 64 young and older adults studied two fictive week drug prescriptions at their own rhythm, and then filled a pillbox from memory. For each prescription, the pillbox filling occurred immediately after the study phase, then after a 30 minute delay. One prescription was displayed in a tabular format and the other in a sheet format. Medication studying time and pillbox filling scores were measured. As predicted, results showed that in the table format condition, prescription studying time was significantly shorter, and pillbox filling score higher, than in the sheet format condition.

Conclusion & Significance: The results of this study with older and young adults corroborate the findings of cognitive psychology on procedural document processing: when procedural information presentation is isomorphic to the structure of the procedure to execute, processing is then facilitated.

Break: Networking & Refreshments 16:00-16:30 @ Cortez Foyer

Olga Alicja Matysiak

University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Poland

Title: Working memory ‘Brain Trainings’ for older adults: How they work and do they work?

Time : 16:30-17:00


Olga Matysiak has graduated with a Master Degree in Cognitive Neuroscience with the highest distinction from the University of Social Sciences and Humanities in Poland. Now she is continuing her education as the PhD Student in Laboratory of Psychophysiological Experiments at the same University. Since the early beginnings of her scientific career ,she was involved in the neuro-cognitive projects focused on exploring and enhancing mental functioning, especially among older adults. Currently, with the usage of the latest EEG signal processing methods, she is analysing the benefits of working memory cognitive trainings designed for elders.


Statement of the Problem: Aging, even in the absence of pathological conditions, is associated with cognitive decline. Executive functions and memory seem to be most affected. Deterioration is related to structural and connectivity changes in the brain and observed mostly in prefrontal cortex, hippocampus, and basal ganglia.

To remediate age-related deficits cognitive training programs have been developed. The prosperous branch of computer-based training also serves this purpose. Some of these interventions show a great potential for improving older adults’ cognition. Others infrequently generalize to tasks that were not specifically trained. Of particular interest are working memory (WM) interventions. Although working memory capacity has conventionally been conceptualized as a fixed trait, there is evidence that WMC can be augmented even in older age. These statements are reflected in recent neuroimaging studies focused on integrating cognitive plasticity with its neural mechanisms. In intervention research on WM, practice has been associated with both decreases and increases of brain activity in task-relevant brain regions. Methodology & Theoretical Orientation: In the present study we attempted to verify the effectiveness of a 5-week-long WM training using dual version of the N-back Task. Six tests (e.g. Sternberg Task, OSPAN, Syllogisms Task) served as cognitive assessment at baseline and post training sessions. Two tests were additionally accompanied by EEG recording. Findings: Data analysis provided moderate support for the efficacy of our intervention in healthy elders. We discuss this result, among others, in terms of too high complexity and requirements of a training task. We also looked for changes in electrophysiological activation patterns during the EEG recording. Our analysis reveals that, irrespective of the absence of vivid behavioral intervention’s effects, there are changes in psychophysiological mechanisms that underlie cognitive performance. We conclude that, although electroencephalographic data has provided us with information about the mechanisms of WM training to a certain extent, more research is needed to understand its neural impact.