Scientific Program

Conference Series Ltd invites all the participants across the globe to attend 2nd International Conference on Aging & Gerontology - ICAG 2017

Hotel Venue - Hilton San Diego Mission Valley

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Day 2 :

OMICS International ICAG 2017 International Conference Keynote Speaker Cindy Gross photo
Biography:

Cindy Gross has nursing experience for the past 40 years in various sectors of the healthcare industry including clinical practice, administration and academic environ­ments. In working with population health, the focus has been on health and wellness for the aging adult to maximize independence and functional ability through exercise and balance

Abstract:

Statement of the Problem: One in three adults over age 65, fall each year sustaining an injury. Preventing falls is multifactorial inclusive of age, medical condition, comorbidity, medication use, vision, and environmental home safety factors; however a key variable to reduce falls with the aging population is exercise. Falls can be reduced with regular exercise; yet, confidence in balance and fear of falling can psychologically limit older adults from participating in mobility.

Methodology & Theoretical Orientation: A program called Be Strong, created and developed by an interdisciplinary team, was a nurse-led caregiver-assisted exercise program for fall-risk older adults. It focused on teaching older adults at-risk for falls, innovative ways to successfully exercise at home. The team created a library of 10 minute videos consisting of sitting, laying and standing exercises enabling older adults an ability to visually model tailored innovative exercises with caregivers in a safe, guarded environment. This nurse-led caregiver-assisted exercise pilot project evaluated fall-risk reduction, confidence in balance and fear of falling. Nine participants engaged in 20 minutes of daily tailored caregiver-assisted exercise over a 20 week period. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics.

Conclusion & Significance: The Berg Balance Scale and Timed Up and Go test showed statistically significant differences in fall-risk scores. The Activities-Specific Balance Confidence Scale, Fall Efficacy Scale and Fall Efficacy International Scale showed no statistically significant difference in confidence and fear of falling. The participants, agency staff and consultants evaluative survey which showed positive feedback of this exercise experience.

Recommendations: This program continues to be offered to older adults aimed to reduce fall-risk and improve functional ability, independence, healthy living and quality of life.

Keynote Forum

Bertha C. Salazar

Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Mexico

Keynote: Active aging by age, sex and years of education in a sample of Mexican older adults

Time : 10:15-11:00

OMICS International ICAG 2017 International Conference Keynote Speaker Bertha C. Salazar photo
Biography:

Bertha C. Salazar is full time professor in the graduate program of the Nursing School of Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon, Monterrey Mexico. Teaches Philosophy and Knowledge Construction of Nursing and serves as Chair for master and doctoral students in Nursing Science. Research interest is older adult´s functionality, partic­ularly physical exercise and cognitive interventions to improve gait parameters and cognitive function. Currently developing an intervention aimed to improve everyday memory of older adults. She belongs to the National System of Researchers (Sistema Nacional de Investigadores), Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología of México.

Abstract:

Statement of the Problem: Population aging is considered a successful of humanity by international organizations. But at the same time it is likely that older adults suffer from one more chronic diseases imposing challenges to older adults, families and society. Efforts are needed to maintain older adult’s health and active as much as possible. The purpose of this paper is to describe active aging according to sex, age and years of school in a sample of Mexican older adults from Matamoros, Mexico. The data are part of a bigger study.

Methodology & Theoretical Orientation: A descriptive design was used with 200 older adults. A non-probabilistic sampling was used. Participants were recruited through referrals of principal investigator's university colleagues. It was assured that participants with more than 14 years of education were also recruited to seek for differences by years of school. Active aging was measured by basic and instrumental activities of daily living, Yesavage depression short scale, Pffeifer mental state questionnaire and one question perceived health. Cutoff points were established for each measurement and sum to dichotomize into active aging or not. Additional questions were time spent in physical activities, and as volunteer work.

Findings: Most of participants (190; 95%) presented a chronic disease. One hundred two participants qualified in active aging (physical independent, free of depressive symptoms, good mental state and perceived their health as good or excellent. Only 21% (42) said they walked 120 minutes or more weekly, 14% (80) used a treadmill or stationary bike and 53% (106) were involved in volunteer work. Conclusion & Significance: Those with less age, women and more years of education showed higher proportions of active aging. Recommendations are made to different health professional to develop programs involving older adults in different activities to promote active aging.

Measurements

Items

Values

Active Aging

Katz Index of Independence in Activities of Daily Living

6

0-6

6 points

Lawton-Brody Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) Scale

8

0-8

Female

8 points

Male

5 points

Short Portable Mental Status Questionnaire Pfeiffer

10

0-10

≥ 9 points (1error)

Perception of Health

1

1-4

≥ 3 points