Boston is the capital city and most populous municipality of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States. It is also the seat of Suffolk County and the city proper covers 48 square miles making it the largest city in the New England region of the northeastern United States. Boston is one of the oldest cities in the United States, founded on the Shawmut Peninsula in 1630 by Puritan settlers from England. Upon U.S. independence from Great Britain, it continued to be an important port and manufacturing hub as well as a center for education and culture. Under the Köppen climate classification, Boston has a humid continental climate that borders a humid subtropical climate or a temperate oceanic climate with some maritime influence. The hottest month is July, with a mean temperature of 73.4 °F (23.0 °C). The coldest month is January, with a mean of 29.0 °F (−1.7 °C). Periods exceeding 90 °F (32 °C) in summer and below freezing in winter are not uncommon but rarely extended, with about 13 and 25 days per year seeing each, respectively. The Boston area’s many colleges and universities make it an international center of higher education, including law, medicine, engineering, and business, and the city is considered to be a world leader in innovation and entrepreneurship. Boston’s colleges and universities exert a significant impact on the regional economy. Boston attracts more than 350,000 college students from around the world, who contribute more than US$4.8 billion annually to the city’s economy.
Tourism also composes a large part of Boston’s economy, with 21.2 million domestic and international visitors spending $8.3 billion in 2011; excluding visitors from Canada and Mexico, over 1.4 million international tourists visited Boston in 2014, with those from China and the United Kingdom leading the list. The major city attractions are New England Aquarium, Fenway Park, Faneuil Hall, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Museum of Science, Old North Church, Paul Revere House, John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum, Old State House, Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum, USS Constitution, Boston Children’s Museum, Boston National Historical Park, Boston Public Library, Harvard Museum of Natural History, Revere Beach, Skywalk Observatory and many more.